Structural and Foundation Design will play an important role for economic design as per BNBC 2020. Material selection and structural system shall take care of safety, sustainability and economy of the project.

Our earthquake and geotechnical expert shall consider several options of foundation system, compare cost of each option and select the most economical foundation system.

Structural design is a highly specialized area of civil engineering. It can be described as a set of methods or tools that are used to determine safe and economical specifications for a structure, and to ensure that a planned structure will be sufficiently strong to carry its intended load.

Structural designing provide all the crucial information about foundations, walls, floors, roof types, steep beams, material quality, and more to ensure that the structure is built to be safe and sound.

Mid-rise buildings are defined as buildings that have between 5 to 12 floors. High-rise buildings are defined as buildings that have 13 floors or above. Skyscrapers are buildings with over 40 floors and are considered part of the high-rise category..

Basic information of existing structures on visual inspections, destructive and nondestructive testing (NDT), Soil testing, Detail analysis procedures as per recent code of practice including BNBC, ASCE, and ACI will be discussed.

Retrofitting means providing something with a component or feature not fitted during manufacture or adding something that it did not have when first constructed. … The process of retrofitting involves the careful balancing of different elements and their effects on the overall performance of a building.

Such retrofits for RC buildings include steel braces, post-tensioned cables, infill walls, shear walls, masonry infill’s, and base isolators. Adding structural walls is one of the most common structure-level retrofitting methods to strengthen existing structures.

A bridge is a structure built to span the physical obstacles without closing the way underneath, such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing the passage over the obstacle.

The designer should have first seen and studied many bridges in the course of a long learning process. He should know what type of beam may be suitable in the available conditions, either a beam bridge an arch bridge or a suspended one. He should also know the influence of foundation conditions on the choice of spans and structural systems etc. hence, the designer.
A jetty is a structure that projects from land out into water.

The distribution of forces on infrastructure due to mooring and berthing of vessels.

1. Structural Design